Radical pair formation due to compressioninduced electron transfer in crystals of energetic salts

Bondarchuk, S. V. (2021) Radical pair formation due to compressioninduced electron transfer in crystals of energetic salts. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, Vol.23 (№ 2). pp. 1520-1526.

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Abstract

An interesting effect was observed when studying explosive and non-explosive crystalline ionic materials at high pressures. A wide benchmark set of 76 crystals of different families was studied using the state-ofthe-art methods at ambient pressure and in extremes (at 20, 50 and 100 GPa). It was found that hydrostatic compression leads to an electron transfer from the anion to the cation, which was carried out with different efficiencies for explosive and non-explosive salts. The measure of this electron transfer is reflected in the Hirshfeld charges (q) on cations, which decreased with the rise of pressure. Non-explosive materials are generally resistant to this effect, while explosives are much more susceptible. Thus, at 100 GPa, all the studied energetic salts demonstrate qcat o +0.1e, while for the non-explosive salts qcat 4 +0.1e. This value can be considered as a conditional boundary between explosive and non-explosive salts. The observed effect is in accord with the Szigeti’s dielectric theory as well as with the electrophilicity/ electronegativity equalization principle. In the present paper, we develop a mechanism of the explosive decomposition based on the assumption about formation of a radical pair as a result of the following reaction: Cat- An !

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Хімічні науки
Divisions: Навчально-науковий інститут природничих та аграрних наук
Depositing User: Наукова Бібліотека
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2021 07:56
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2021 08:14
URI: http://eprints.cdu.edu.ua/id/eprint/4337

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